Research Tools:

Biographical interview. The interviews conducted were ethnographic semi-open interviews. All were both recorded and typed. The interviews were conducted:
   a. With individual Holocaust survivors
   b. Jointly with couples in which both spouses were Holocaust survivors.
   c. With small groups of 3-5 friends who survived the same ghetto or the same concentration camp.

The central question in each of the interviews was: "Can you describe, or tell about, humor in the Holocaust"?
Humor was defined as: "Anything that made you laugh or smile during the Holocaust".



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