Conclusions:

The uniqueness of this study lies in several aspects:

1. For the first time in Israel, Holocaust survivors were asked about "Humor in    the Holocaust". A subject that was taboo until now.
2. The data collected in this study deserve to be referred to as a document, since it is a product of authentic self-expression of the interviewees Holocaust survivors.
3. This study enriches the understanding of the methods people developed to cope with intensified stress situations.
     a. Even in an intensified stress situation like the Holocaust, humor served as a stress reducer, according to the interviewees testimonies.
     b. Among the interviewed Holocaust survivors who were in a severe state of threat, happiness and satisfaction turned easily to laughter.
     c. The interviewed Holocaust survivors - laughed more then once,        especially when they were in horrible situations or confronted with death.
     d. We may conclude that humor in the Holocaust fulfilled the various functions of humor, and especially that of a defense mechanism through self-humor and gallows humor; this would have been a typical to the Jewish people in situation of stress.
4. According to interviewed Holocaust survivors testimonies, an individual who had a sense of humor prior to the Holocaust, maintained it during the Holocaust, experienced humor and laughter, and retained his or her sense of humor after the Holocaust.
5. Using humor was not connected to place - ghetto and/or concentration/death camp, but rather to having a sense of humor.
6. The use of humor during the Holocaust did not reduce the objective atrocity and horror. It reduced them subjectively, and facilitated coping with them.
7. Humor was expressed in different modes during the Holocaust. In addition to humorous utterances and episode there were also: humorous songs, humorous reviews and cabarets, and caricature paintings and drawings.


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